Today in history, the 43rd president of the United States of America George W. Bush appends his signature to the Patriot Act, an anti-terrorism law, which was a swift response to the terror attacks on the World Trade Center and Pentagon on September 11, 2001 popularly known as "September 9/11."
Known officially as the USA PATRIOT Act, which is an acronym for "Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism." With the believe that the Congress would strengthening law enforcement and intelligence agencies so as to prevent future attacks on the American soil.
According to President George W. Bush, the Patriot Act was to tighten the punishments for those that engage in terrorism or anybody that tries to aid it. The law allows the intelligence agencies' to share information and removed restrictions on communications surveillance. There was enough provision in the law for law enforcement officials to carry out unrestricted investigations on financial counterfeiting, smuggling and money laundering activities between terrorist sponsors. Having clearly stated to an extent, the law empowered the FBI to have access to personal information such as medical and financial records of every citizen. In addition, the Patriot Act surpasses all other state laws.
The Congress passed the bill to law; however, Americans who believed that the bill, in actuality did not curb terrorism criticized the bill. There were concern from civil rights activist that that the law would limit domestic civil liberties while giving excess power to the executive arm of the government to spy on Americans.
Unfortunately, the Patriot Act has suffered constant legal suits from the American Civil Liberty Union, while in recent years, some of the congressmen who voted in favor of the bill when it was first passed into law are beginning to doubt how Bush administration's is interpreting it. However, the Congress (controlled by the Republican Party) passed the bill, while President George W Bush appends his signature to the renewal of the acclaimed controversial Patriot Act in March 2006. President Bush worsened the matter of renewing the act when he issued a "signing statement," which exempts the executive from applying or abiding by certain sections within the law.